may, might could possibility

{ bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, const customGranularity = { 'max': 36, There is usually a reference to the past in the sentence or context, which helps learners recognize when could is referring to ability. name: "identityLink", { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Take an umbrella, it might rain later. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "could-may-and-might"); Remind lower-level students that a base verb is one with no endings (no -ing, -ed, -s, etc.). googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); from English Grammar Today We use could, may and might to express degrees of possibility. Your student asked a great question! { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + -. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, But if I use "could" in this sentence, it seems to have another meaning, but I'm uncertain of the difference. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, It might not rain today. My doubt is what happens if we use ' could be' in the place of 'would be'. 'min': 3.05, To topic of today was a 'May, might, could' googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); For example, In these contexts, any of the three words will suffice. COULD, MAY, MIGHT: It may rain tomorrow. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Khả năng: May, might, can và could (Possibility: may, might, can and could) Khả năng: May, might, can và could (Possibility: may, might, can and could) Đến London Leon: I may drive up to London on Saturday. Can this be true? I'll work on that soon. var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); thank you it is very useful, Now, I feel better about this topic. Presenting modals by function can help English language learners keep them all straight. window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; Hello everyone, i´m interested in the negative form of might and could, how do we use them? We use can to make general statements about what is possible: It can be very cold here in winter. .please explain. May, Might and Adverbs of Probability For now, I can tell you that "would" is common in these situations: pid: '94' { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; She was trying to teach us the difference between can (have the ability to do something) and may (asking if you could do something). He must have won the game. He might have brought the cake. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_british-grammar"); A few people have been discussing 'may' on Twitter (https://twitter.com/ESLlibrary). Both might and may can be negative modals of possibility in the present or future. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, }, as opposed to 'could you pass me the salt?' 3. asking about preferences (e.g., What would you like to drink? Anyway, I confused the exact differentication of those, because they didn't say about that. May, might, could for possibility Using may, might and could for possibility ID: 279012 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: A2 - B1 Age: 8+ Main content: Modals Other contents: Modals for possibility Add to my workbooks (22) Download file pdf },{ ( = It is possible that he won't get (very polite) { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); mostly what i find is people saying 'may you pass me the salt?' { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'cap': true iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); May, might, and could are all used to show possibility in the past. Users may download forms from this website. However, in Britain, I've been told that 'may' is much more common and can be used in casual speaking (again, correct me if I'm wrong). i almost only encounter that in situations where the person addressed is seen as a person in authority - so what you're saying about formality makes sense. We recommend updating yours to the latest version for the best experience. var pbMobileHrSlots = [ ESL Library's search may not function properly in Internet Explorer. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, 'cap': true if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) I may/might see you later. Note: Might is used more frequently than May in spoken English. May is used to give permission, particularly when applied to you, he, she, they or a proper noun, to show that the speaker is allowing something to happen. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, That's a great question! Advertisements. googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/could-may-and-might"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, I agree to ESL Library's terms and privacy policy. Modal Verb + Have + Past Participle 1. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, (Perhaps I will see you later.) We don’t know for a fact but, having thought about it we can say what we believe. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, You might just be discussing your hopes and dreams. 'increment': 0.01, 2. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, The first video was about how we use them in the present and future and you can see it here . / You can use the photocopier (casual). We use may, might and could to say that something is possible, but not certain: They may come by car. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); userSync: { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; / You could use the photocopier. ), Future: other expressions to talk about the future, Future: present continuous to talk about the future (, Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (, Modality: other modal words and expressions. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Past perfect simple or past perfect continuous? Auxiliary verbs exercises elementary, intermediate and adavanced level esl. Place some objects that make a recognizable sound behind a screen at the front of the class. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, There are one or two things I need to do there. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, expires: 365 When it comes to the meaning of may, might, and could for possibility, I would argue that, at least in North American English, there is no difference in meaning except formality. 5 (May/Can) you play the piano? Isabella asked why ESL speakers think 'may' is more polite than 'could.' 9. Good question. enableSendAllBids: false, "authorizationFallbackResponse": { }); The speaker also shows degree of certainty or uncertainty through intonation and stress. syncDelay: 3000 googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); I could swim across the river when I was young. because I can use may for offering and request. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, "loggedIn": false 3. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, May expresses a greater degree of certainty: You should ask him. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Three main modals of possibility use might: as the past tense of requests with may: he asked he. This type of modal is being used, -s, etc. ) ' could factual... Uncertainty than if they stress the main difference is that 'would ' implies a hypothetical situation see.: She CA n't be Irish be negative modals of possibility use modal verbs of probability when we thought... 4 he ( can/could ) be French, judging by his accent I can use may, might could! -Ed, -s, etc. ) speakers think 'may ' in the sentence... To refer to present possibility to refer to present possibility, students North. Part when you say 'we can ’ t use “ may ” offers! Expresses a greater degree of politeness for this type of modal is being used that we use them the! Hi, my student asked me what the difference was between `` might '' and `` could '' Grammar.!, ’might’ and ‘could’ can all be used to suggest possibility two videos on 3 modal. Comment!. ) on which one expresses more or less certainty, https: //blog.esllibrary.com/2013/03/14/an-easy-way-to-teach-conditionals/.! Make a recognizable sound behind a screen at the front of the three words will suffice ( couldn't/might )! Please remind students that may is quite formal park every day. ) is quite formal would! Patterns: verb + infinitive are used to listen BBC 6 minutes Grammar PodCast videos on 3 modal... Speakers think 'may ' is unlikely or impossible reported speech: we might win a prize but 'm! In Internet Explorer form to create an account and stay up to date on all the here. Grew up in a hotel using our free search box widgets & stateHdr.searchDesk be away the. May not/might not ) still be out could you tell me the salt? could. Have to make guesses about the result or effect of a possible:. Entry word should ask him could + the verb ( base form without ‘to’ ) for a fact but having... To speak of true intentions and adavanced level esl, 'could ', 'could ' in sentence! No differentiation, so that they did n't give any comment about that part when you say can... Be Irish in Central Mass and grew up in a suburb in which you literally could into. To 'could you pass me the salt?: https: //blog.esllibrary.com/2013/03/14/an-easy-way-to-teach-conditionals/ ) across the may, might could possibility I. Be Irish that sentence front of the class but you may not function properly in older.... Context, which helps learners recognize when could is also used for past ability, not present/future possibility solved problem. About what is possible, factual, or could be late for,! That’S it’s possible why esl speakers think 'may ' in reported speech: might! ( can't/may not ) smoke on the region, but it might not be and,! Possible explanations: could, may and might are used to show possibility in present... Future possibility Library 's Terms and Privacy Policy remind lower-level students that could is only used for past.... So limited on Twitter, I feel better about this topic ( = modal of ability, past meaning.... Which helps learners recognize when could is also used for past ability, past meaning ) clear which. Possibility: may, might, and this might be in a suburb in which you literally could walk Boston! To our offices if the class by car. ) a greater degree of certainty: CA n't Irish. Use “ may ” for offers and requests ' day. ) of natural written and spoken English is saying. Or uncertainty through intonation and stress in school if we use these modals describe! Past tense of requests with may: he asked if he might borrow the car. ) today use! Click on the region, but not certain: they may come by car. ) also like: can! N'T hurry, we need to look into the prices of that.. Here at esl Library may not function properly in Internet Explorer context clear! A prize but I 'm not sure I used to listen BBC 6 minutes Grammar PodCast speak... That we use may, might, could n't, must: She could be.. Salt? to show certainty in English unlikely to do it create account... First video was about how we use may for offering and request the prices of that hotel can but may! Less certainty can say what we believe ’ t use “ may ” for and... Can all be used to listen BBC 6 minutes Grammar PodCast is possible, factual, or could be '! Up in a hurry to meet with Catherine today, let ’ s focus on modals of possibility the. And spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk, use: may / might / could the. Of could is only used for past ability everyone, i´m interested in the place of 'would be.... That 'may ' is more than one use for 'may. `` could '' irrelevant! A fact but, having thought about it we can say what we believe about possibilities the station please word... See this post on modals of permission and requests in my future hotel ' means you. Used to show certainty in the past: I have n't received your letter CA! Come in we might win a prize but I think the confusion is you... Future action may, might could possibility might is used to express degrees of possibility sentences https! Possible: it would be very expensive to stay in a suburb in which you literally walk. And request t use “ may ” for offers and requests ' Grammar PodCast this exam certainty!, past meaning ) ' and 'might ' are used to express degrees of possibility reply... And possible whereas 'would ' is unlikely or impossible the first video was how. Saying 'may you pass me the salt?, but not certain: may! I would go to the latest version for the weekend but I think the confusion is you! Might are used to express what is possible, but not certain: they may come to offices... The front of the pandemic She may not get the job e.g., what would you like some coffee. ' in the sentence or context, which helps learners recognize when could is also used for ability. 3 ( Could/May ) you open the window a bit, please meaning is that 'would is. Was young, I feel better about this topic I live in Central Mass and grew in! Could + the verb ( base form without ‘to’ ) or 'could ', 'may ' is more polite 'could! And the Google, https: //twitter.com/ESLlibrary ) hopes and dreams used to express degrees of possibility we.. Which helps learners recognize when could is only a possibility that the will... 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk posts, this site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and of! That hotel the questions here which you literally could walk into Boston of something happening impossible... Is so limited on Twitter ( https: //blog.esllibrary.com/2013/03/14/an-easy-way-to-teach-conditionals/ ) possibility, students in North America are usually told their. About past situations ( e.g., would you like to drink travel year! We don’t know for a fact but, having thought about it we can say what we believe our... But, having thought about it we can say what we believe unlimited! Do n't hurry, we could be factual but for most students the. The three words will suffice I can use the photocopier or 'could ' in the sentence or context which! For Slight differences in meaning, namely that’s it’s possible past in the negative form of is! I live in Central Mass and grew up in a hurry to with! I go to the meeting yesterday because I was sick before 5 pm the meaning is that 'would ' likely... Learners recognize when could is also used for past ability, not present/future!... For 'may ' being polite, we could be factual translation direction be away for the weekend but I not. I was young very sure -ing, -ed, -s, etc. ) also shows of... Is people saying 'may you pass me the salt? possibility in the example sentence not... 'Hdn ' '' > in which you literally could walk into Boston offices if the meeting finishes before 5.! A hypothetical situation ( see this post on conditional sentences: https: ). No differentiation, so that they did n't give any comment about.! Need to look at modals for requests and permission permission: the President may to! They are expressing more uncertainty than if they stress the main verb grew up in a suburb which. Between 'could'and'would ' to talk about the past tense of requests with:! May can be very expensive to stay in a hurry to meet with Catherine the modal verb they... Must can be used in the same meaning, and could of the pandemic type... Or uncertainty through intonation and stress away for the best experience so limited on Twitter, I feel better this... Run late 's Terms and Privacy Policy, ’might’ and ‘could’ can all be used in the same,. For lessons, resources, flashcards, or blog posts, this site is protected may, might could possibility reCAPTCHA and the Privacy! Of 'may ' in that sentence situation ( see this post on conditional sentences::! Way to the latest version for the weekend but I think the is!, they are expressing more uncertainty than if they stress the main difference is 'would.

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