meaning of depression

Depression facts A depressive disorder is a mood disorder that is characterized by a sad, blue mood that goes above and beyond normal sadness or grief. In grief, painful feelings come in waves, often intermixed with positive memories of the deceased. Depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is a mood disorder that makes you feel constant sadness or lack of interest in life. Certain medications. The evaluation will identify specific symptoms and explore medical and family histories as well as cultural and environmental factors with the goal of arriving at a diagnosis and planning a course of action. Depression is a disorder affecting mood and general outlook. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease your ability to function at work and at home. Those experiencing loss often might describe themselves as being “depressed.”. The core symptom of depression is said to be anhedonia, which refers to loss of interest or a loss of feeling of pleasure in certain activities that usually bring joy to people. Generally, when an economy continues to suffer recession for two or more quarters, it is called depression. Longer-term maintenance treatment may be suggested to decrease the risk of future episodes for certain people at high risk. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. How to use depression in a sentence. /dɪˈpreʃn/ [uncountable] a medical condition in which a person feels very sad and anxious and often has physical symptoms such as being unable to sleep, etc. Depression is classified as a mood disorder. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is committed to ensuring accessibility of its website to people with disabilities. In major depression, mood and/or interest (pleasure) are decreased for most of two weeks. 3. Depression is a disorder affecting mood and general outlook. Some causes of depression Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been found to be effective in treating depression. An economic depression is an extremely severe, long-term contraction in economic activity. These outbursts are significantly out of proportion to the situation and are not consistent with the child’s developmental age. If you are diagnosed with a form of depression, the severity of the condition will be assessed by your doctor or a mental health professional based on their training and experience. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Depression is tough to analyze, as there is not a one fits it all definition. Define depression. A recession is a situation of declining economic activity. No one knows exactly what causes it, but it can occur for a variety of reasons. Those experiencing loss often might describe themselves as being “depressed.”But being sad is not the same as having depression. If your child is sad, it doesn’t necessarily mean they have depression. Yet, depression is a highly treatable illness, with psychotherapy, coping and cognitive-behavioral techniques, and medication. This is a start to addressing your mental health needs. Depression symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include: Symptoms must last at least two weeks and must represent a change in your previous level of functioning for a diagnosis of depression. They are not habit-forming. Many biblical characters show evidence of such behaviour which originates in a number of different ways. Depression is more than just a low mood – it's a serious condition that … These include: postnatal depression – sometimes new mothers, fathers or partners develop depression after they have a baby; this is known as postnatal depression and it's treated in a similar way to other types of depression, with talking therapies and antidepressant medicines Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. sion a mental disorder characterized by sustained depression of mood, anhedonia, sleep and appetite disturbances, and feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and hopelessness. In its mildest form, depression can mean just being in low spirits. Medication: Brain chemistry may contribute to an individual’s depression and may factor into their treatment. There are a number of things people can do to help reduce the symptoms of depression. Depression. the Great Depression definition: 1. the period of decrease in wealth, industrial production, and employment from 1929 until the…. Read Our Privacy Policy. The grieving process is natural and unique to each individual and shares some of the same features of depression. Depression is not a sign of weakness or a character flaw. In some situations other psychotropic medications may be helpful. These symptoms begin a week to 10 days before the start of menstruation and improve or stop around the onset of menses. Your doctor may do a physical exam and ask questions about your health. Lack of concentration 4. Common symptoms include: 1. Depression can present different symptoms, depending on the person. Most people feel sad or depressed at times. Existential depression is usually treated not with any type of prescription medication, but rather psychotherapy focused on helping the person explore the meaning of their life. Depression: definition Depression is a common mental disorder, characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, feelings of tiredness and poor concentration. As outlined in 6 Especially when long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may become a serious health condition. When grief and depression co-occur, the grief is more severe and lasts longer than grief without depression. Depression Definition. Depression affects different people in different ways but some signs of depression are feeling low, feeling bad about yourself and not wanting to do things. In a depression, GDP annual falls more than 5% and unemployment is in the double digits. A depressive disorder is a mood disorder that is characterized by a sad, blue mood that goes above and beyond normal sadness or grief. Some drugs, such as isotretinoin (used to treat acne), the antiviral drug … In order for a diagnosis of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder to be made, symptoms must be present for at least one year in at least two settings (such as at home, at school, with peers) and the condition must begin before age 10. The act of depressing. While the impact of persistent depressive disorder on work, relationships and daily life can vary widely, its effects can be as great as or greater than those of major depressive disorder. It doesn't stop you leading your normal life but makes everything harder to do and seem less worthwhile. It is a real and treatable medical illness. As a matter of fact, many people have experienced depression, gotten the necessary treatment, and come back stronger than ever. Definition: Depression is defined as a severe and prolonged recession. She suffered from severe depression after losing her job. Depression is more than just a low mood – it's a serious condition that affects your physical and mental health. In grief, thoughts of death may surface when thinking of or fantasizing about “joining” the deceased loved one. ECT has been used since the 1940s, and many years of research have led to major improvements and the recognition of its effectiveness as a mainstream rather than a "last resort" treatment. Your doctor may determine a diagnosis of depression based on: 1. Wallpaper Definition. If you have trouble accessing any of APA's web resources, please contact us at 202-559-3900 or apa@psych.org for assistance. Depression is a low mood that lasts for a long time, and affects your everyday life. The act of depressing. Declining economic activity is characterized by falling output and employment levels. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Childhood depression is different from the normal "blues" and everyday emotions most kids feel. Depression is a real illness and help is available. Antidepressants may produce some improvement within the first week or two of use yet full benefits may not be seen for two to three months. Depression Definition. Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. The symptoms lead to significant distress and problems with regular functioning or social interactions. Common symptoms include mood swings, irritability or anger, depressed mood,  and marked anxiety or tension. However, people with anxiety disorders frequently have intense, excessive and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is similar to PMDD in that symptoms occur seven to 10 days before a woman’s period begins. A recession is a situation of declining economic activity. An economic depression is an extremely severe, long-term contraction in economic activity. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'depression.' 2. The death of a loved one, loss of a job or the ending of a relationship are difficult experiences for a person to endure. For example, family or couples therapy can help address issues within these close relationships. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder is a condition that occurs in children and youth ages 6 to 18. For example, your doctor may do a blood test called a complete blood count or test your thyroid to make sure it's functioning properly. Generally, when an economy continues to suffer recession for two or more quarters, it is called depression. depression (n.) c. 1400 as a term in astronomy, "angular distance of a star below the horizon," from Old French depression (14c.) 2. The condition of feeling sad or despondent. Suicidal thoughts We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. As described in the Privacy Policy of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), this website & application utilize cookies. Psychotherapy may involve only the individual, but it can include others. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Depression is a condition of melancholic temperament and idleness. Depressed definition, sad and gloomy; dejected; downcast. Managing depression Depression is a disorder that can be reliably diag-nosed and treated in primary care. Chronic, severe irritability and temper outbursts can disrupt family life, make it difficult for the child/youth to make or keep friendships, and cause difficulties at school. Psychiatric evaluation. She was diagnosed as having clinical depression. ‘The prolonged depression of the 1880s increased the pressure for change.’ ‘After a prolonged agricultural depression lifted in the 1890s, the worst of rural poverty was finally dispelled.’ ‘The severe and prolonged depression of the 1890's resulted in the decline of the slate industry and only a … Definition: Depression is defined as a severe and prolonged recession. Depression affects an estimated one in 15 adults (6.7%) in any given year. There is a stigma around it. Learn a new word every day. In grief, self-esteem is usually maintained. Overview. n. 1. a. Depression is an extremely complex disease. There is no set definition of severe depression. Changes in movement (less activity or agitation) 8. With depression, the thought of staying in bed is the predominant choice. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). It can be long lasting or recurrent, substantially impairing a person’s ability to … Individuals with persistent depressive disorder often describe their mood as sad or “down in the dumps.” Because these symptoms have become a part of the individual’s day-to-day experience, they may not seek help, just assuming that “I’ve always been this way.”. For a diagnosis of PMDD, symptoms must have occurred in most of the menstrual cycles during the past year and must have an adverse effect on work or social functioning. Unlike anxiety, depression feels like more of a fixed state. a feeling of sadness, or medical a type of mental illness that causes long periods of unhappiness: I’m just beginning to get over the depression from losing my job. The death of a loved one, loss of a job or the ending of a relationship are difficult experiences for a person to endure. A loss of interest in activities or feeling sad and down are symptoms that characterize this … 3. in psychiatry, a mental state of altered mood characterized by feelings of sadness, despair, and discouragement; distinguished from grief, which is realistic and proportionate to a personal loss. (noun) Diet and lifestyle changes, such as reducing caffeine and alcohol, getting enough sleep and exercise, and practicing relaxations techniques, can help. The core symptom of depression is said to be anhedonia, which refers to loss of interest or a loss of feeling of pleasure in certain activities that usually bring joy to people. “Depression.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/depression. It can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, motivation, feelings, and sense of well-being. In economics, a depression is commonly defined as an extreme recession that lasts three or … Experiencing occasional anxiety is a normal part of life. Send us feedback. Women are more likely than men to experience depression. When determining if depression is severe, there are some key signs and symptoms clinicians consider. Talk about your concerns and request a thorough evaluation. See more. The literal sense "act of pressing down, state of being pressed down" is attested from 1650s. By closing this message, continuing the navigation or otherwise continuing to view the APA's websites & applications, you confirm that you understand and accept the terms of the APA's Privacy Policy, including the use of cookies. depression meaning, definition, what is depression: a medical condition that makes you very ...: Learn more. Major depression is manifested by a combination of symptoms (see symptom list) that interfere with the ability to work, study, sleep, eat, and enjoy once pleasurable activities. The 10-year Great Depression was the world's only depression. Existential depression is usually treated not with any type of prescription medication, but rather psychotherapy focused on helping the person explore the meaning of their life. An economic depression is a steep and sustained drop in economic activity featuring high unemployment and negative GDP growth. Hence, people tend to hide their real feelings, and the way those feelings are experienced tend to be different for every individual. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder is much more common in males than females. Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy, or “talk therapy,” is sometimes used alone for treatment of mild depression; for moderate to severe depression, psychotherapy is often used  along with antidepressant medications. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the vast majority of people with depression will overcome it. See more. The spiritual meaning of depression. For this reason, antidepressants might be prescribed to help modify one’s brain chemistry. This risk factor could mean that maternal mental health in low-income countries may have a substan-tial influence on growth during childhood, with the effects of depression affecting not only this genera-tion but also the next. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) in 2013. In some cases, depression may be linked to an underlying physical health problem. Clinical depression definition, a depression so severe as to be considered abnormal, either because of no obvious environmental causes, or because the reaction to unfortunate life circumstances is more intense or prolonged than would generally be expected. For many people, regular exercise helps create positive feeling and improves mood. Define depression. There is a high degree of heritability (approximately 40%) when first-degree relatives (parents/children/siblings) have depression. Depression. In many cases, significant improvement can be made in 10 to 15 sessions. Teen depression is a serious mental health problem that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in activities. This mood is noticeable by others, such as parents, teachers, and peers. Depression is a common mental disorder, characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, feelings of tiredness and poor concentration. There are different types of depression, and some conditions where depression may be one of the symptoms. Several factors can play a role in depression: Depression is among the most treatable of mental disorders. Accessed 30 Dec. 2020. But for most people, depressive disorder changes how they function day-to-day, and typically for more than two weeks. Physical symptoms may include breast tenderness or swelling, joint or muscle pain, a sensation of “bloating,” or weight gain. Depression, in psychology, a mood or emotional state that is marked by feelings of low self-worth or guilt and a reduced ability to enjoy life. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment that has been most commonly reserved for patients with severe major depression who have not responded to other treatments. In major depression, feelings of worthlessness and self-loathing are common. Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity. Loss of energy 5. Depression is not the same as a passing blue mood. What made you want to look up depression? If a patient feels little or no improvement after several weeks, his or her psychiatrist can alter the dose of the medication or add or substitute another antidepressant. 3. (Data from 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.). Changes in appetite 3. A woman with PMDD has severe symptoms of depression, irritability, and tension about a week before menstruation begins. Also, medical conditions (e.g., thyroid problems, a brain tumor or vitamin deficiency) can mimic symptoms of depression so it is important to rule out general medical causes. However, various contributing factors can lead to depression. 2. a lowering or decrease of functional activity. Getting enough quality sleep on a regular basis, eating a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol (a depressant) can also help reduce symptoms of depression. A major depressive episode may precede the onset of persistent depressive disorder but may also arise during (and be superimposed on) a previous diagnosis of persistent depressive disorder. 5831 depression. Treatment typically involves psychotherapy (cognitive behavior therapy) and/or medications. PMDD can be treated with antidepressants, birth control pills, or nutritional supplements. An area that is sunk below its surroundings; a hollow. There aren’t two choices to make when morning comes. Hopelessness or guilty thoughts 7. Debate has persisted for most of the 20th century over whether a unitary or binary model of depression is a truer reflection of the syndrome; in the former, there is a continuum of depression ranked only by severity and the result of a "psychobiological final common pathway", whereas the latter conceptualizes a distinction between biological and reactive depressive syndromes. Changes in sleep 2. depression synonyms, depression pronunciation, depression translation, English dictionary definition of depression. Learn more about the causes, symptoms, types, and treatments for depression. Depression does not mean the end of an individual's story. A depressive disorder is a clinical syndrome, meaning a group of symptoms. Fortunately, it is also treatable. . Kessler, RC, et al. Depression is a very serious mental health issue, but with the proper assistance and guidance, depression is very treatable. Physical aches and pains 9. Major depression is a period of sadness, irritability, or low motivation that occurs with other symptoms, lasts at least two weeks in a row, and is severe enough to negatively affect one's life. Depression differs from simple grief or mourning and can be classified into different types. 3. depression synonyms, depression pronunciation, depression translation, English dictionary definition of depression. Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. The 10-year Great Depression was the world's only depression. n. 1. a. It is normal for feelings of sadness or grief to develop in response to such situations. Psychiatrists usually recommend that patients continue to take medication for six or more months after the symptoms have improved. And employment meaning of depression about everyday situations, or other important areas of functioning ) and/or medications difficulty in,... 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